The Handbook of CEPHEI course reccomndations is available for download here.

accountability element

accountability element - an activity that holds students accountable for watching and engaging with the videos e.g. a quiz

ADDIE model

ADDIE model - is a cycle that is used by instructional designers when designing courses. It has five phases: analysis; design; development; implementation; and evaluation. In this model, each phase has an outcome that feeds into the next phase.

assessment as learning

assessment as learning - makes assessment part of the learning process itself. This model often makes students their own assessors. It takes many forms, including demonstrations, investigations, presentations, projects, case studies, building prototypes, etc.

assessment for Learning

Assessment for Learning- is formative, focusing on gathering information to inform both teaching and learning.

assessment of learning

assessment of learning - is a summative assessment of what students have learned

associate members

associate members - universities that joined the CEPHEI Project after its establishment

authentic experiences

authentic experiences - experiences that mimic the real-life activities that students will undertake when they join the workforce


B-Labs - are video recording and postproduction studios which have been designed by the CEPHEI Project and built in all partner universities. The aim of B-Labs is to provide a professional space for instructors to record and edit videos for their CEPHEI courses.

Backward Design

Backward Design- is a commonly used framework for designing blended learning courses. Backward Design aims for students to achieve deep understanding and show this through authentic performance tasks. In Backward Design, students:

  • actively involved in the learning process;
  • gain deep understanding of concepts;
  • demonstrate understanding through small formative tasks and an authentic
  • summative performance task;
  • get continuous feedback throughout the course.
blended course

blended course - a course with both online and in-class components

blended learning

blended learning - involves the practice of using both online and face-to-face learning experiences for students. students access online educational content outside the classroom as well as attending a class led by an instructor. The online components are used for information transfer. Then, in class the instructor provides student-centred, active learning activities through which students put the information they have learnt into practice.

blended module

blended module - a module with both online and in-class components

Bloom's taxonomy

Bloom's taxonomy - a framework which categorizes educational goals. In this framework, each category represents a higher cognitive level of functioning than the category below and each lower category is considered to be a precondition for achieving the next level up. The cognitive processes are presented as the actions through which learners encounter and use knowledge.

Bologna Process

Bologna Process - a cooperation of 48 European countries regarding higher education provision. The aim of the process is to improve the internationalization of higher education through the conjoined efforts of public authorities, universities, instructors, and students, with stakeholder associations, employers, quality assurance agencies, institutions, and international organizations.


branding - the promotion of an organisation by means of advertising and distinctive design - using the CEPHEI logo.

Bridging Element

Bridging Element - a review activity, done at the start of a lesson, to get students to review what was in the pre class content. It provides a bridge between the pre class instructional activities and the in class instructional activities.

CEPHEI Board Review

CEPHEI Board Review - an CEPHEI Board review involves members of the CEPHEI board using the quality assurance rubrics to go through proposed courses and giving a score on the scale provided based on their impressions. Additional comments are written for each criterion, focusing on areas of excellence as well as areas that need improvement.

CEPHEI Consortium

CEPHEI Consortium - consists of the nine partner universities from six different countries

CEPHEI customer management system (CMS)

CEPHEI customer management system (CMS) – is hosted by Webhare and is where users have the first contact with CEPHEI. It provides information about the CEPHEI project, contains a contact link for industries wishing to work with CEPHEI, and gives information to the general public wishing to access the courses. It is on this page that your course will be advertised.

CEPHEI learning management system (LMS)

CEPHEI learning management system (LMS) - this is hosted by Open edX and is where the courses are hosted and where students enrol and participate in the courses.


copyright - the exclusive and assignable legal right, given to the originator for a fixed number of years, to print, publish, perform, film, or record literary, artistic, or musical material.

course aim

course aim - a statement that describes the overarching intentions of a course. It should try to answer the following questions: What is the purpose of the course? What is the course trying to achieve?

course landing page

course landing page - Once a visitor has clicked on a course on the CEPHEI learning platform, they are taken to the course landing page which provides more detailed information about the course.

course structure

course structure - this refers to the choice of topics/modules and the organization and sequencing of course content. The choice of topics/modules and their organization should always support the learning outcomes for the course. The course structure can be provided through a description or a diagram.

Creative Commons

Creative Commons - provides free, easy-to-use copyright licences to make a simple and standardized way to give the public permission to share and use the work of authors who sign up to it.

document camera

document camera - is a camera that connects to a computer. You can place items under the camera and record while narrating what is happening.

domains of knowledge

domains of knowledge - metacognitive, procedural, conceptual and factual knowledge

end-of-course evaluation

end-of-course evaluation - the aim of this is for students to provide anonymous feedback about a course structure, assessment, learning activities, grading, communication, etc., which can then be used to revise and improve the course for the next iteration.

end-of-course summative performance task

end-of-course summative performance task - an end-of-course task through which students demonstrate their comprehension of the learning outcomes for the course

end-of-module instructional activity

end-of-module instructional activity - an activity which encourages students to use additional ways of integrating their knowledge after class, to reflect on what and why they are learning

European Credit Transfer System (ECTS)

European Credit Transfer System (ECTS) - reflects the workload and learning outcomes on a course. Credits from courses are added together to contribute towards a student’s degree programme. As the ECTS system is standardised, this means that a student can easily transfer their credits from one university to another. While the ECTS system helps to make national systems more compatible, it also assists in the planning, implementation and evaluation of study programmes and provides transparency

fair use

fair use – a legal doctrine that says you can use the copyrighted material from other works without asking for their permission

formative assessmen

formative assessment - small ongoing assessments to lead students to the desired results

freemium education

freemium education - allows a consumer to access basic educational services free of charge but requires them to pay for any additional services considered to be premium

fully online course

fully online course - a course that takes place fully online; there is no in-class component

fully online module

fully online module - a module that takes place fully online; there is no in-class component

Gagne's Nine Events of Instruction

Gagne's Nine Events of Instruction - a framework for planning instructional activities, based on the concept that certain mental conditions must be met for learning to be effective

graphic organizer

graphic organizer - is a guided worksheet that supports the students through the learning process. It helps students to pay attention to the most important parts of the pre-class media. Graphic organizers should include a lot of white space for students to take notes. They should include diagrams and headings.


GRASPS - this is the mnemonic used to guide the design of end-of-course summative performance tasks to make sure they are set in an authentic context that will help students to gain the skills they will need in their future professions. The letters stand for goal, role, audience, situation, performance/product/presentation, and standards for assessment.


greenscreen - a green background in front of which moving subjects are filmed and which allows a separately filmed background to be added to the final image.


H5P - is software which makes it easy to create, share and reuse HTML5 content and applications.


hackathon - a competitive event in which people work in groups on software or hardware projects, with the goal of creating a functioning product by the end of the event

hard skills

hard skills - specific abilities, or capabilities, that an individual can possess and demonstrate in a measured way. Possessing a hard skill connotes mastery and an expertise within the individual to perform a specific task or series of tasks to complete a job.

Instructor Review

Instructor Review - an instructor review involves a course author using the quality assurance rubrics to go through their course and give a score on the scale provided based on their impressions. Additional comments are written for each criterion, focusing on areas of excellence as well as areas that need improvement. The final decision of if a course can be released to the CEPHEI learning platform, or if it needs improvement, lies with the CEPHEI Board review.

in-class component

in-class component - a teaching/learning activity that takes place in class.

in-class instructional activities

in-class instructional activities - teaching/learning activities and assessments that take place in class

information transfer

information transfer - the transfer of knowledge from an instructor to a student.


innovation - a process that involves multiple activities to uncover new ways to do things

innovative knowledge

innovative knowledge - comes from experimental research and development activities and empirical practice activities to promote the knowledge that technical innovation and system innovation need


instruction - the teaching and learning of knowledge, skills and attitudes

instructional design

instructional design - is the creation of learning experiences and materials in a manner that results in the acquisition and application of knowledge and skills.


instructor-paced - courses which progress at the pace that the course author sets

instructor-paced and available to others

instructor-paced and available to others - this is the same as an instructor-paced course. However, this course is also open to students outside the host university.

learning outcomes

learning outcomes - are statements that describe the knowledge or skills students should acquire by the end of a particular assignment, class, course, or programme, and help students understand why that knowledge and those skills will be useful to them


lightboard - a glass board which is lit up and has a black backdrop. The instructor stands behind the board. A camera stands on the other side of the glass board with a wire connected to a lapel microphone on the instructor. The instructor gives their presentation while writing on the board with fluorescent pens. During the editing stage, the image is reversed so that the writing appears correctly.


link - a reference to data that the reader can directly follow either by clicking or tapping


module – how we describe a unit within a course

Open Educational Resources (OER)

Open Educational Resources (OER) - educational materials that are provided free of charge and can be used without permission

partner universities

partner universities - the nine universities that established the CEPHEI Project


pencast - any hand written or hand drawn content digitized for internet distribution.


platformisation - is the process through which an organisation integrates and standardises data in a single location, while allowing for easy scalability.


plugins - are software add-ons that are installed onto a programme, enabling it to perform additional features.

pre-class content

pre-class content - online materials designed to provide information transfer prior to class

prior knowledge activity

prior knowledge activity - prior knowledge is the knowledge a learner already possesses before they meet new information. A learner's understanding of a new concept can be improved by activating their prior knowledge before watching a video or reading a text by setting a prior knowledge activity. The aim is to get students to draw on what they already know and to raise their curiosity about what they may not know. This is done by setting a prior-knowledge question that gets students thinking about the subject area prior to watching the video.

programme outcomes

programme outcomes - the knowledge and skills that graduates of a programme should be able to demonstrate

project-based learning

project-based learning - involves students gaining knowledge and skills by working for an extended period of time during which they investigate and respond to an authentic, challenging, and engaging problem

quality assurance rubrics

quality assurance rubrics - these rubrics have been developed to assure the quality of every aspect that must be included in a CEPHEI course.

rubric for assessment

rubric for assessment – a matrix which makes assessment criteria and expected performance standards clear to students and which enables an instructor interpret and grade students’ work against pre-determined criteria and standards.


screencasting - recording the image on your computer. Narration can also be recorded.


section - the first level of the hierarchy in the CEPHEI LMS.


self-paced - courses which do not have release dates for course content or due dates for assignments. Learners can complete course material at any time before the course end date.

social component

social component - a virtual space, online, in which students can pose/discuss questions

soft skills

soft skills - the personality traits, noncognitive skills and competencies that inform to how an individual relates to others

start-of-module review activity

start-of-module review activity - this is a bridging element, done at the start of each module, in which students to review what was in the pre-class content. It provides a bridge between the pre-class instructional activities and the in-class instructional activities.


subsection - the second level of the hierarchy in the CEPHEI LMS.


teleprompter - a device used to project a speaker's script on to a transparent panel in front of a television camera lens in such a way that the text remains hidden from the camera.

third party content

third party content - materials written, designed and owned by someone else


unification - provides a standardised learning journey for students.


unit - the third level of the hierarchy in the CEPHEI LMS.

video script

video script - a chronological run-down of what will be said and which images will be shown in a video.

virtual class space

virtual class space - a shared online space where instructor and students work together simultaneously


Xblock - is a plugin which enables the global software development community to participate in the construction of the edX educational platform and the next generation of online and blended courses.